The Krobo Mountain Community Reserve (KMCR), popularly called Krobo Mountain offers a variety of attractions to tourists including abundant archaeological remains, fantastic mountain views and hill climbing.
The reserve is being developed as an eco-tourism site in a joint program between the Traditional Council, the communities, NCRC and US Peace Corps in order to protect its remarkable historical relics and unique bio-diversity. Krobo Mountain is also the venue of annual pilgrimages for the Krobo people from nearby towns who used to live on the mountain.
History has it that the Krobos, who migrated to Ghana from north-east Nigeria in the 15th century, first chose to settle on this mountain for safety from neighbouring tribes. However by 1892 the British Colonial Government, because the Krobos refused to pay poll taxes, ordered them off the mountain to establish the downhill towns of Somanya, Odumasi and Akuse.
The British Governor at the time, Sir Brandford Griffith, led a large military force armed with heavy artillery to enforce the order and gave the Krobos a short time to evacuate the mountain top. Thereafter the Krobo Mountain was declared out of bounds with a fine of fifty thousands pounds for anyone found there.
The heritage and past lifestyle of the early Krobo people thus remain boldly on the mountain in the form of structural ruins, defense walls, pottery shards and grinding stones. In addition there are ceremonial points of interest such as shrines and the “dipo” stone where puberty initiation rites were held for young girls entering adulthood.
Tourists will also be shown ruins of the Chief’s palace and caves used as a community bank, will see a 20 foot concrete cross erected on top of the Mountain by the Roman Catholics, and enjoy spectular views of the surrounding savanna plains as well as the sister mountains of Yogaga and Odudoku.
Visitors may be lucky to see some of the baboons who have lived on the Mountain for time immemorial and remnants of one of the rarest trees in Ghana commonly known as the “charcoal tree”.
There are six different tours that can be enjoyed at the Krobo Mountain. These include the following:
- Hike to Chief’s Palace Ruins
- approximately 1.5 hours
- cost ¢3,000
- includes: rock formations, defense walls, grinding stones and pottery shards, the view of Lake Volta, the ruins of Ne Ne Patu Ologo’s (Paramount Chief) palace.
- Hike to Chief’s Palace and Dipo Stone
- approximately 2.5 hours
- cost ¢5,000
- includes: all of tour #1 plus a further ascent to the Dipo Stone (ceremonial stone where the puberty initiation rites for young girls coming of age was celebrated, and additional residential stone ruins.
- Hike to Chief’s Palace, Dipo Stone and Cross
- approximately 3 hours
- cost ¢6,000
- includes: all of tours 1 and 2 plus rock formed caves, the memorial cross, views of the surrounding savannas; including the villages of Okwenya, Somanya, and Akuse, Mount Yogaga and Mount Osudoku.
- Hike to Chief’s Palace, Dipo Stone, Cross and Bank
- approximately 3.5 hours
- cost ¢7,000
- ul type=”disc” all of tours 1,2 and 3 plus a tour of the Krobo’s Bank Cave – rock formed cave where the Krobo’s kept their currency, the cowry shell. (This is a fun area to climb around in. There’s even a vine to climb for the more adventurous tourists.) In addition, a short walk from the bank you can see the grass valley that separates the mountain where it’s possible to see baboons.
- Loop Tour
- approximately 4.5 hours
- cost ¢8,000
- includes: all of tours 1,2,3 and 4 but in a different order climbing first straight up to the stone head of Krobo Mountain (the highest point facing southeast) you will see many additional Krobo ruins, pottery shards and defense walls. You will walk to top of the mountain then north to the Dipo Stone and Cross; view the Bank and rock caves, then descend down through the Chief’s Palace.
- Fire Belt Tour
- approximately 4 hours
- cost ¢5,000
- includes: a leisurely walk around the savanna fire belt that circles the mountain. You will see picturesque views of Krobo Mountain from all angles, many indigenous tree species and have the option to climb countless rock formations. The rock formed caves on the southwest side of the mountain, facing the Tema-Akosombo road, provide a naturally cooled area for comfortable resting before completing the last portion of the hike.